为大家带来社会类话题托福写作大作文题：Some people think a rise in standard of living in a country only seems to benefit cities more than rural areas. What problems may those differences cause? How to reduce this problem?（2013年10月26日真题）一些人认为，在一个国家，生活水平的提高似乎对城市的好处大于对农村地区的好处。这些差异会造成什么问题呢?如何减少这个问题?
题目解释：城市和乡村地区的生活水平发展不均;问可能导致的问题 和 解决方案
开头段：由于本题是报告类，因次开头段只要引出话题并告诉考官将讨论problems and solutions 即可。
The significant improvement in the standard of living in a country has sparked a major dispute in the
whole society. Some people argue that this only bring advantages for cities rather than rural areas.
Correspondingly, this issue poses a vast number of problems such as overpopulation, seriously damaged
environment, which can harm the people's lives. My writing will go into further analysis of the problems and introduce some instant measures to tackle them.
关键词句推荐：The imbalance between the standard of living in cities and that of countryside poses
a variety of possible painful repercussions.
关键词句推荐：Firstly, it is clear that when the quality of life of city dwellers is improved, many people
in rural areas tend to move to the cities seeking better lives.
As a result, the cities would soon become too crowded with large number of people living in them，
and this would result in deterioration of many important services such as health, transport, education etc.
关键词句推荐：that the standard of living in cities outpaces that in the countryside may give rise to the
discontent and social unrest.
Nevertheless, many initiatives could be adopted to effectively ameliorate the problem.
关键词句推荐：A favorable policy and an investment program should be implemented in rural areas to foster
the local economy and thus living standard.
关键词句推荐：Another more direct measure can be upgrading infrastructure in the countryside such as
electricity system, amusement centers, schools, medical clinics.
Differences, on the bright side, enrich the variety of the world. However, differences, in this case originated from policy partiality and regional imbalance, are discouraging: only urban areas are blessed with living standard improvements. In contrast, less developed areas suffer from such problems as an influx of population, weakening agriculture, and less care for the young and old.
To begin with, problems loom large when a huge rural population migrates into cities. The sudden increase of city dwellers instantly translates into congested traffic, job competition, a rise in daily expenditure, and more polluted environment. To decrease the burden of cities, higher entrance standards are to be set so that unreasonable migration can be curbed to some degree, for example increasing property price and raising job qualifications.
Subsequently, with population, labour force in particular, staying in cities, agriculture suffers. Farming is still a generally labour-intensive industry in the world. Thus, less labour force means agricultural instability, and national instability in the bigger picture. Withlurking food shortage, governments are compelled to enact favourable policies towards agricultural production as in subsidies in produce price and investment in modern farming technologies.
Moreover, when farming lands are abandoned, family members are left behind. It is not likely for migrating rural citizens to bring to cities their less socially competitive family members, i.e. the elderly and the young. With a huge age difference present, either the old or the young can barely take care of the other. In this case, governments will have to step in again to set up nurseries, schools, and retirement homes to accommodate the less-cared-for rural population.
In sum, negative situations resulted in regional differences are about waning agriculture, less care for children and senior citizens, and common urbanisation-related problems. Governmental control and adjustments, with policy and/or investment, are the cure.